Welcome to the second edition of Pharmacy Terms In Common Use: Studying and Practising Academic Vocabulary. This new edition is the product of constant revision and evaluation, not only by me, but also by the many instructors who, along with their students, have used the previous edition and have sent in valuable suggestions and comments. The success of the previous edition has been due, in large measure, to the honest and careful appraisal given by instructors and their students.
Pharmacy Terms In Common Use: Studying and Practising Academic Vocabulary is designed for pharmacy students and professionals who are studying English as a Foreign Language (EFL) at the upper elementary/intermediate level. It provides a solid foundation in pharmacy language to enable learners to understand and communicate in pharmaceutical/medical situations. It is meant to supply the need for teaching pharmacy vocabulary to non-native speakers of English.
The vocabulary items in this book are both frequent and commonly used in the pharmaceutical/medical field. They are arranged into eleven units according to their relevance to the subject matter, and each unit is divided into manageable sections. These are presented to the student in a regular, controlled fashion. TARGET words and their derivations are contextualized to illustrate their meanings, and are systematically introduced so that vocabulary development can lead to better learning. Word formation boxes are also provided to emphasize that having a sound knowledge of the meanings and significance of prefixes and suffixes is invaluable in helping students to guess the meanings of the many unknown words they will inevitably encounter in their pharmacy textbooks. Explanations and illustrations are provided to aid, motivate, and test student learning. Short reading passages illustrating the use of some vocabulary items from each section are also provided along with appropriate reading and vocabulary exercises.
To the Student
This book has been written especially for you. It is written in fairly simple English, using only language which you probably know.
Read, study and learn – this is what you are expected to do as you use this book. Read through each entry very carefully, studying the definitions, explanations, and examples which illustrate the meaning of the word. Then read and study them again until you have learnt what the word means and how to use it in context. At the end of each section, a number of exercises are provided which allow you to check how well you remember the words you have studied.
Remember too to study the word-formation boxes. Learning the meanings of prefixes such as post-, anti-, hyper- and suffixes such as -itis, -ectomy, and -graphy will enable you to make reasonable guesses at the meanings of many unknown words. Recognizing word endings like -ation, -al, and -ify will help you to decide if a word is a noun, an adjective, or a verb, etc.
To the Teacher
The vocabulary items in this book are presented in a systematic and principled approach in order to achieve better learning. The items are divided into eleven units that cover the most commonly used words in pharmacy studies and WORK.
The principal aim of this book is to ensure that students build up a solid lexical base. This base will solve many of the difficulties learners have in their receptive and productive language. For learning to occur, the learner must give attention to the new material and make an effort to learn it. To facilitate this, every attempt has been made to write definitions and examples in language that students will understand, and various exercises are provided for each unit. At the end of unit, there is also an exercise which reviews some of the vocabulary students have already been exposed to in the unit. Words once introduced are recycled as frequently as possible through later exercises. Weekly quizzes should be given to test the items covered. Such achievement tests not only inform the teacher about student progress but they also help the learning process by providing motivation to study and by giving another meaningful vocabulary recycling, an important key to successful language acquisition.
UNIT 1: Commonly Used Terms
UNIT 2: Drug Forms
UNIT 3: Drug Names and Dosages
UNIT 4: Administration of Drugs
UNIT 5: Drug Action
UNIT 6: The Nervous System
UNIT 7: Analgesics and Anaesthetics
UNIT 8: Stimulants
UNIT 9: Antidepressants
UNIT 10: The Cardiovascular System
UNIT 11: Blood