Vocabulary Practice, Lower Intermediate/Intermediate, has been written to help students at this level to improve their English. It has been designed to be used both in the classroom and at home.
How is the book organized?
The vocabulary items in this book cover a wide range of topics and language areas and are arranged into twenty-seven units. These are presented in a regular, controlled fashion. Target words are explained using a variety of techniques:
short definition; 2. short explanation; 3. related words (derivations) 4. synonyms and/or antonyms; 5. example sentences; 6. pictures (where appropriate); and 7. parts-of-speech.
In addition, word-formation boxes are provided to emphasize the importance of having sound knowledge of the meaning and significance of various affixes – prefixes, suffixes, and infixes. Such knowledge is an invaluable tool in helping students guess the meanings of the many unknown words they will inevitably encounter in their textbooks and on the job. Explanations, varied exercises, and illustrations are provided to aid, motivate, and test students’ learning. All this will help students develop strategies for learning new vocabulary on their own when they have finished using the book.
The Answer Key at the back of the book gives correct answers to the exercises. The key sometimes has more than one answer. This is because often there is not just one correct way of expressing something.
To the Student
Read, practise, and learn is the key to getting the most benefit from this book. Read through each entry very carefully, studying the definitions, explanations, and examples which illustrate the meaning of the word. Then practise them by yourself aloud (or at least silently) and/or with others until you have learnt what the word means and how to use it in context. At the end of each section, exercises are provided so you can get extra practice, and you can check how well you remember the vocabulary you have been studying. When you have finished an exercise, you can look up the correct answers at the back of the book.
If you are studying without a teacher, do not simply go through the book “filling in the blanks.” When you learn new words, practise them and note the spellings before you do other exercises. It is not enough to understand new words; you must use the words to become part of your active vocabulary.
Remember to study carefully the information in the word-formation boxes. Learning the meanings of prefixes such as dis-, anti-, hyper-, and over-, and suffixes such as -er, -or, -less, and -able will make it possible for you to successfully guess the meaning of many unknown words. For example, recognizing word endings such as -ion, -sion, -ation, -al, -y, -ize, and -ify will help you decide if a word is a noun, an adjective, or a verb.
Try to have a dictionary with you when you use the book. This is because sometimes you may want to check the meaning of a word, or find a word in your native language to help you remember the English word.
To the Teacher
The vocabulary items in this book are presented systematically, following principles of learning that lead to successful language acquisition. The items are divided into twenty-seven units that cover the most commonly-used words in general locations and situations.
The principal aim of this book is to ensure that students build up a solid lexical base. This will solve many of the difficulties learners have with both receptive and productive language. For learning to occur, the learner must pay attention to the new material and make an effort to learn it. Every attempt has been made to include definitions and examples in language simple enough that students will understand, and exercises are provided for each unit. Vocabulary items, once introduced, are recycled as frequently as possible in later exercises.
It is suggested that weekly quizzes be given to test the items covered. Such achievement tests not only inform the teacher about the progress of his/her students, they also assist the language-acquisition process by motivating learners to study and by giving yet another meaningful repetition (recycling) of the vocabulary items.
When students have worked through a group of units, it is a good idea to repeat some of the work (for example, the exercises) and to expand on the meaning and use of key words and phrases by extra discussion in class, and find other examples of the key words in other texts and situations. This repeated exposure helps students to truly acquire the vocabulary.
When your students have finished all the units in this book, they are ready to move on to higher-level books in this series: Vocabulary Practice: Upper Intermediate; and Vocabulary Practice: Advanced.
We hope you enjoy using the book.
UNIT 1: Describing Friendship
UNIT 2: Scenery
UNIT 3: Dates and Time
UNIT 4: Weather
UNIT 5: Occupations
UNIT 6: At the Airport
UNIT 7: Telephoning
UNIT 8: Common Nouns
UNIT 9: Using Say, Tell, and Ask
UNIT 10: Partitives
UNIT 11: Countries, Nationalities, and Languages
UNIT 12: The Life Cycle
UNIT 13: At the Park
UNIT 14: Picnics
UNIT 15: Common Household Appliances
UNIT 16: A Day at the Beach
UNIT 17: At the Restaurant
UNIT 18: Computers and the Internet
UNIT 19: Adverbs of Frequency
UNIT 20: Terms in Mathematics
UNIT 21: Common Idioms and Phrases about Time
UNIT 22: Marriages and Weddings
UNIT 23: Expressions with Do and Make
UNIT 24: Gerunds and Infinitives
UNIT 25: Likes, Dislikes, and Desires
UNIT 26: Planning a Holiday
UNIT 27: Banking